DIMENSION OF COVID-19:  HUMAN RIGHTS AND PUBLIC HEALTH ABUSE

DIMENSION OF COVID-19: HUMAN RIGHTS AND PUBLIC HEALTH ABUSE

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This article is written by Deepanshu Kaushik, a Second year B.A. LLB (Hons.) Student of Ideal Institute of Management and Technology (Affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indrapastha University), Delhi.

DIMENSION OF COVID-19: 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND PUBLIC HEALTH ABUSE 
 
The Coronavirus infection does not segregates on the basis of legal entitlements or social gauges. It influences the financial status of a country thereof. But a deception had been fanning out quickly in the current circumstance. Insurance of general wellbeing and keeping up human rights simultaneously are serious significant undertaking. Public health must be of prime concern over any economic disruptions that happen throughout the country. Human Rights violations include matters of arbitrary detentions, xenophobia or other discrimination happening in this pandemic. 
 
A large outbreak of Coronavirus in the current scenario which had been reported as a “pneumonia of unknown cause” in China. This is declared as a public health emergency of international concern. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution envisages the right to life which also includes the perspective of the right to health as a fundamental right. Therefore, in the interest of public health, quite a few Indian States have adopted the Epidemic Disease Act, 1897. The menace of COVID-19 has taken over the total healthcare system. The gross inadequacy India is facing is reflected through various instances like it doesn’t reflect upon the exact data and statistics of Corona positive. The right to freedom of movement has been curtailed in this situation to stop the widespread of the Epidemic. Human rights such as non-discrimination based on caste, sex or religion must not be altered in these adverse times. Arrangement of basic living necessities and the proper means of communication during the application of health measures are quite necessary.  
 
The following examples of different countries all over the world indicate the gross human rights violation taking place in the name of public safety. Taking into consideration of country like China, it is reported that due to a huge number of affected populations, people were made to go away from hospital doors, and treating material shortage was also pointed out. Information had been suppressed from the public and medical community which could help the medical professionals to cure the disease. In Libya, the United Nations humanitarian coordinator said due to the ongoing war and epidemic situations, hospitals had been constantly attacked and a lot of health facilities have been into the stake. In Malaysia, refugees are not lawfully recognized which poses a threat to their access to health care. It is a point of debate whether these detention centres are for public health or is it infringing the ground-level human rights- privacy rights and right to life. The fact is that the “right to health” falling not only as a human right but also as a fundamental right. Privileged classes are roaming freely in the society are not only eligible for the best treatments but inevitable rationing in these hard times must be conducted rationally. Human rights call for no discrimination among people on any basis and therefore equal rights must be accessed by people in regards to the healthcare system and mustn’t be discriminated against on socioeconomic, gender orientation, or class basis. Providing any extra priority or inflicting biases in situations where one patient is suffering from COVID-19 and the other person is also into the same situation is a gross violation of human rights. 
 
The government of a country must take in necessary steps for transparency and protection of public health. It is seen that in the public healthcare circle, people are prone to discriminations based on immigration status and employment status. A community must be created that has pillars of non-discrimination- the fundamental level of human rights without affecting public health factors. The lockdown has given results in decreasing the community transmission and decreasing the virus spreading at different levels. Establishing diagnostic tests and outbreak management is an important part of pandemic managing plans. To deal with this unprecedented crisis, we need to stand as an army maintaining the orders of the government.

DIMENSION OF COVID-19: 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND PUBLIC HEALTH ABUSE

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